The Fundamental Stats: San Marcos

San Marcos-Richard Wetherill

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Park (New Mexico, USA) from San Marcos, California. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater had been caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (intermittently running stream) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches, as well as natural sandstone reservoirs. Timber sources, which had been needed to create roofs and story that is upper, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished about the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an length that is extended of to minimize weight, before returning and carrying them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, given that each tree would have taken a team of workers several days to transport, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized in the building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites over three centuries. Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was just a tiny part of a huge linked territory that created Chacoan civilisation despite the fact that Chaco Canyon had a density of construction never seen previously in the region. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large homes and magnificent kivas built in the same distinctive brick style and design as those found inside the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although the majority of these sites were found in the San Juan Basin, a stretch was covered by them of the Colorado Plateau more than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by digging and leveling the underlying ground and, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads often began at large buildings inside the canyon and beyond, and then radiate outward in amazingly parts that are straight.   Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of cliffs to preserve the straightness of the roadways, even if the steep terrains found in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other mountainous landforms, crossed their path. Given the difficulty involved in such an approach and the fact that many roads were not obvious to their destinations, some roads were much wider than needed for foot transit (9 meters wide) it seems likely that these roads played a symbolic or function that is spiritual leading pilgrims to other activities or rites. Certain great houses were placed within a line of sight from each other and shrines that are nearby. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal places that are distant sunlight reflection or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a position that is dominant Chaco Canyon. Aligning roads and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon during critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes and lunar standsstills has been a practice that is common Chacoan culture. This added structure to the environment. For instance, the front wall of Pueblo Bonito's great house is oriented north-south and east-west, while the actual location of Chetro Ketl is west. Casa Rinconada is a grand kiva of 19 meters in diameter, located inside the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are organized on a north-south line and two external doors that face east. The sun that is rising pass through these doors only when the canyon is open for renovation.

San Marcos, CA is found in San Diego county, and includes a residents of 96664, and is part of the more metro region. The median age is 35.5, with 14.8% of the population under 10 years of age, 14.7% between ten-nineteen years old, 13.8% of residents in their 20’s, 13.9% in their 30's, 14.1% in their 40’s, 11% in their 50’s, 9.2% in their 60’s, 5.2% in their 70’s, and 3.4% age 80 or older. 49.2% of inhabitants are male, 50.8% female. 50.9% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 11.9% divorced and 32.2% never married. The percentage of women and men confirmed as widowed is 5%.

The labor force participation rate in San Marcos is 66.3%, with an unemployment rate of 3.9%. For anyone into the work force, the average commute time is 26.9 minutes. 12.3% of San Marcos’s populace have a grad diploma, and 24.7% posses a bachelors degree. For all those without a college degree, 29.1% have some college, 19.2% have a high school diploma, and only 14.7% have received an education less than high school. 8.5% are not included in medical health insurance.

The average family size in San Marcos, CA is 3.61 household members, with 62.3% being the owner of their own residences. The average home valuation is $512718. For individuals leasing, they pay out on average $1704 per month. 57.6% of families have 2 incomes, and a typical household income of $78797. Median income is $31594. 11.3% of residents survive at or below the poverty line, and 8.8% are considered disabled. 7.8% of residents of the town are former members for the military.