Columbia City, IN: A Charming Community

Columbia City, Indiana is situated in Whitley county, and includes a community of 9735, and is part of the greater Fort Wayne-Huntington-Auburn, IN metro area. The median age is 37.4, with 12.1% of the population under ten years old, 12.7% between 10-19 years old, 14% of town residents in their 20’s, 13.8% in their thirties, 11.2% in their 40’s, 11.3% in their 50’s, 13.5% in their 60’s, 6.8% in their 70’s, and 4.5% age 80 or older. 47% of town residents are men, 53% female. 45.9% of citizens are recorded as married married, with 16% divorced and 29.4% never wedded. The percentage of individuals confirmed as widowed is 8.7%.

Columbia City, IN-Anasazi Country

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Park (Northwest New Mexico) from Columbia City. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   There were sandstone that is natural as well as rainwater from the arroyo, which was a flowing stream that carved the canyon and created the Chaco Wash. It then became a mess with a number of ditches. The timber sources which were required for building the roofs were once abundant, but they disappeared during Chacoan fluorescence due to drought and deforestation. Chacoans walked 80 km to reach the southern and western coniferous forests. They cut down and then peeled and dried them for several hours before returning to the canyon to transport them. It is a undertaking that is huge as each tree had to be hauled by dozens of people over many days. This was in addition towards the nearly 200,000 trees that were destroyed during construction and repair of twelve big homes and large kivas. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. The Chaco Canyon had a level that is high of density, something that was not seen in this area before. However, it was only one part of the larger linked region which formed the civilisation in Chaco. Nearly 200 other settlements, with large homes and kivas of the style that is same the ones in the canyon, existed outside the canyon. However they were smaller scaled. These sites are the most common in the San Juan Basin. However, the certain area they covered was larger than that of the English region. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these communities to one another. They dug and levelled the ground below and added storage or steel bays. They were visible in many large homes in the canyon, and they radiate amazingly straight. Even when steep landforms prevalent in the Southwest that is american.g., mesas and buttes) crossed their route, Chacoans preserved the linearity of these roadways by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Considering the tremendous difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were constructed wider than necessary for foot transit (many were 9 meters broad), it is probable that the roads had a largely symbolic or role that is spiritual leading pilgrims journeying to rites or other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication, certain great homes were positioned within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for the signaling of other houses and distant areas by fire or sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte has a position that is commanding Chaco Canyon. The widespread practice of aligning structures and roadways with the cardinal directions and the positions of the sun and moon at critical seasons such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. The front wall and the wall separating the plaza of the great house Pueblo Bonito, for example, are oriented east-west and north-south, respectively, whereas the location is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a 19-meter-diameter grand kiva inside the canyon, with two opposing inner T-shaped doors arranged along a north-south axis and two outside doors oriented east-west, through which the rising sun passes directly only on the early morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given renovation work done in the canyon).  

The average family unit size in Columbia City, IN is 2.76 residential members, with 69.5% owning their very own domiciles. The mean home cost is $123734. For people renting, they spend on average $623 per month. 53.5% of families have 2 sources of income, and a typical domestic income of $47075. Average income is $30791. 13.7% of residents survive at or beneath the poverty line, and 15.5% are disabled. 6.5% of citizens are veterans associated with armed forces of the United States.